Plasmodium Ovale Malaria: Endemic Areas in Indonesia

Umar Zein, Hadiki Habib, Hadyanto Lim


Plasmodium ovale consists of two subspecies – P. ovale wallikeri and P. ovale curtisi. Increased reports of imported malaria ovale in non-endemic regions and mixed infection of P. ovale with other Plasmodium species suggest that P. ovale might be under-detected during routine surveillance. Areas endemic with P. ovale have mostly been reported in African and Western Pacific countries. A recent case report in Indonesia indicated that regions with P. ovale endemicity are not only distributed in Lesser Sunda and Papua, but also in North Sumatra.


Malaria; Plasmodium ovale; Endemic area


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