Outcomes of Daily Dose versus Part-daily Dose Treatment for Lung Tuberculosis: A Real-World Database Study in an Indonesian Hospital
Background: a meta-analysis of randomized control trials (RCTs) on category I pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) treatments showed that either part-daily (2RHZE/4R3H3) or daily dose (2RHZE/4RH) had the same failure and recurrence rates. However, the World Health Organization (WHO) concluded that the part-daily dose had higher failure and recurrence rates. Therefore, this study was conducted to compare the treatment outcomes between both regimens, whether daily dose regimen has a better treatment outcome than part-daily dose regimen, and the adverse effects between both regimens. Methods: this was an analytic cross-sectional study of patients at the Persahabatan General Hospital, over the period of January 2015-June 2018. Data were taken from medical records and supported by telephone interviews, each regimen group had 175 patients. Results: there were no significant differences for success rates (p=0.470), lost to follow up rates (p=0.659), failure rates (p=1.000), death rates (p=1.000), and adverse effects in the continuation phase (p=0.324) between the groups. There were, however, significant differences in cure rates (p < 0.001) and complete treatment rates (p<0.001) between the groups. Conclusion: the cure rate and complete treatment rate were found to be better for the part-daily than the daily doses. The success rate of both regimens were the same as Indonesia’s target (90%). In the continuation phase, there were no significant difference of adverse effects between both regimens.
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