Hemoperitoneum Caused by Spontaneous Rupture of Hepatocellular Carcinoma

Nata P Hardjo Lugito, Andree Kurniawan, Rizki Yaruntradhani, Andhika Rachman


We are reporting a male, 46 years old came to emergency unit with a chief complaint of abdominal tenderness since 1 day prior to admission. No history of abdominal trauma. He often felt abdominal discomfort for the last 5 years. Physical examination revealed decreased consciousness, shock, pale conjungtiva, distended abdomen, with tenderness of the whole abdomen on palpation, and no bowel movement. Laboratory examination found anemia, leucocytosis, normal amilase and lipase. FAST (focus assissted Sonography on trauma) found massive ascites. Patient underwent cito laparotomic exploration that found blood on abdominal cavity, nodular liver, and actively bleeding tumour of liver. During hospitalization, patient recovered and discharged.
In the case of acute abdomen, spontaneous ruptured hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of differential diagnosis, considering high incidence of HCC in South East Asia, especially Indonesia. Confirming diagnosis of generalized peritonitis requires abdominal CT scan and ultrasonography, to rule out ruptured HCC.
Key words: hemoperitoneum, ruptured hepatocellular carcinoma

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